Russian Vodka (Samogon)

Volodia reports ...
    I was under the impression that vodka was made from unmalted grain until I came across a Russian language site: http://www.stopka.ru/drink/samogon/samogon00.shtml.The site gives instructions for making a simple pot still and a Chinese still (using a central wok-like condenser), and samogon recipes. For the social and economic background to samogon production (in English) see http://www.exile.ru/feature/feature93.html. See also ..

    Measurements are given in buckets, the size of which is not given, but the old Russian bucket measure was 12litres. When yeast is not available, a sourdough starter of 3l of boiled hops and 1.5l of stillage(back slop) is recommended. A fully malted grain based mash recipe from malted rice, wheat, barley, millet, maize or peas is suggested. The consistency of the mash is to be a watery gruel (kissel). 500g of yeast is recommended for 12 buckets of mash.

    Recipes from Samogon site:
    • Wheat grain malt. 10kg malted wheat, 30l water, 500g yeast.
    • Potatoes and malted grain. 5 buckets potatoes, 2 buckets malted grain.
    • Bread and malted grain (1). 20 loaves of bread, 2 buckets malted grain.
    • Bread and malted grain (2). 12 loaves of bread, 1/2 bucket malt grain, 15l water, 750g yeast.
    • Sugar mash. 6kg sugar, 30l water, 200g yeast, bunch currants or morello cherries or dill for flavor.
    • Sugar-beet. 30l of shredded and cooked sugar-beets, 200g yeast.
    • Sugar-beet and sugar. 15l shreded and cooked sugar-beets, 6kg sugar, 10l water, 500g yeast.
    • Sugar-beet molasses. 1 bucket molasses, 25l water, 250g yeast.
    • Starch. 2 buckets water, 10kg starch, 2kg sugar, 500g yeast.
    • Medovukha. 3kg honey, 3l sugar syrup, 27l water, 300g yeast.
    • Mixed mash. 20 glasses wheat grain, 1kg sugar 21litres water.
    Other recipes are for fresh apples, pears, plums and dried apples and pears (in winter I gather).


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