Gin and Tonic
A cocktail made with:
The ingredients are usually mixed with a squeeze or slice of lemon or lime and served over ice. The proportions vary. While equal amounts are traditionally used, note that it is often made far weaker as a casual drink; typically 1 part gin to 3 parts tonic.
The cocktail was introduced by the British in India. Tonic water contains quinine, which was used to prevent malaria. Because the tonic water consumed to prevent malaria in the 19th century was extremely bitter, gin was added to make it more palatable. Although there is less medical use today for the consumption of tonic water, the gin and tonic remains a popular drink. Note that tonic water available today contains less quinine and is consequently less bitter (and usually sweetened).
The gin and tonic has gained a central place in cultural and literary life, appearing as a bit part in numerous novels. Because of this connection to warmer climates, and its refreshing nature this cocktail is more popular during the warmer months.
See also: list of cocktails