Mead

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Mead Poster

A fermented beverage made from honey, water, acid, yeast nutrients, and yeast. Tannin may also be added, but the only flavor is derived from the honey itself. Different honeys, meaning honeys made from different nectar sources (flowers), yield different flavors. Thus, a clover mead is made with honey produced primarily from the nectar of clover flowers, while a heather mead is made with honey produced primarily from the nectar of heather flowers. There are three kinds of "true" mead. Dry Mead contain no flavoring other than honey and is made using about 2-1/2 pounds of honey per U.S. gallon of mead. Sack Mead contains no flavoring other than honey but is sweeter than most other meads and is made using about 4 pounds of honey per U.S. gallon of mead. Small Mead contains no flavoring other than honey but is made using only about 1-1/4 to 1-1/2 pounds of honey per U.S. gallon of mead and is fermented using an ale yeast. A small mead is closer to ale than to wine, while both dry and sack meads are closer to wine. Additionally, there are other beverages made with honey that are generally referred to as meads but indeed have their own names. Just a few of these (there are scores of them) are:

  • Balche is a Mayan mead made with Balche bark.
  • Bochet is a sack mead that has been burned or charred.
  • Braggot is mead made with honey and malt.
  • Capsicumel is mead made with honey and chile peppers.
  • Clarre is another term for Pyment and is a mead (actually, a Melomel) made with honey and grapes or grape juice.
  • Cyser is a sack mead (actually, a Melomel) made with honey and apples (or apple juice) and is closely related to hard cider. Another name for this kind of mead is Cyster.
  • Cyster is another name for Cyser.
  • Hydromel is a French drink of watered-down or diluted mead.
  • Melomel is a mead made with honey and fruit. Another name for this type of mead is Mulsum.
  • Morat is a sack mead (actually, a Melomel) made with honey and mulberries.
  • Mulsum is another name for Melomel.
  • Myddyglyn is an alternate spelling for Meddeglyn, or vice versa.
  • Omphacomel is a mead made with honey and verjuice (the juice of unripened or immature grapes).
  • Oxymel is mead mixed or blended with vinegar.
  • Perry is a sack mead (actually, a Melomel) made with honey and pears.
  • Pyment is a mead (actually, a Melomel) made with honey and grapes or grape juice. Another name for this type of mead is Clarre.
  • Rhodomel is an alternate spelling for Rhodamel.
  • T'ej is a mead made with honey and hops.
  • Traditional is mead made with honey, water, acid, yeast nutrients, and yeast only.
  • Varietal is a Traditional mead made with a pure variety of honey, such as Clover, Fireweed or Heather.
  • Weirdomel is mead to the max, or some such thing (credit Dick Dunn with the name)