Search found 345 matches

by Birrofilo
Sat Mar 06, 2021 4:14 pm
Forum: Stills and still building information
Topic: Hello Everyone! -Notsoproud owner of Chinese Still
Replies: 28
Views: 13131

Re: Hello Everyone! -Notsoproud owner of Chinese Still

Silicon gaskets can be wrapped in PTFE tape, luckily. If silicon gaskets were a reason not to buy a still, then nobody would buy a still, because they all have silicon gaskets, from the very cheap to the fairly expensive. That's the way ready-to-use stills are normally sold. My not-at-all-cheap Stil...
by Birrofilo
Fri Mar 05, 2021 8:55 am
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Radiator + Keg
Replies: 11
Views: 357

Re: Radiator + Keg

I don't think the OP wants to put alcohol inside a common radiator. That's on page 1 of the manual of what must not be done. He is saying he wants to cool his Liebig. For what I understand, the problem is cooling the cooling water. If he wants to cool his drinkable product, he needs something like t...
by Birrofilo
Thu Mar 04, 2021 2:34 pm
Forum: Still Related Hardware
Topic: Which one has more reflux? Stainless steel or copper?
Replies: 14
Views: 294

Re: Which one has more reflux? Stainless steel or copper?

@spiritdistiller

I think your final condenser is certainly able to knock down whatever you give it to knock down!
by Birrofilo
Thu Mar 04, 2021 7:56 am
Forum: Still Related Hardware
Topic: Which one has more reflux? Stainless steel or copper?
Replies: 14
Views: 294

Re: Which one has more reflux? Stainless steel or copper?

What about shotgun and coil condenser?? I think SS performs better than copper there. what's your opinion? A coil condenser would typically be made in copper but a SS will certainly work, again with a bit more effort in lenght and space. A shotgun is normally so "powerful" that will work very well ...
by Birrofilo
Thu Mar 04, 2021 4:23 am
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Radiator + Keg
Replies: 11
Views: 357

Re: Radiator + Keg

For what I understand, the air-cooling mechanism posted in the video actually works. Ambient temperature is enough to knock down your vapours, the problem is to have "enough" air or exchange surface or condenser lenght. The radiator trick will work if correctly performed. Here on the forum there is ...
by Birrofilo
Wed Mar 03, 2021 3:17 pm
Forum: Legalization of Home Distilling
Topic: Don't Shoot at your neighbors
Replies: 13
Views: 392

Re: Don't Shoot at your neighbors

Curiously, in Italy in such a case the man could not have been convicted for illegal distilling. The search mandate must specify the precise object, objects etc. that are looked for. If let's say the judge is looking for drugs, and they find a still, they cannot denunciate the person for illegal sti...
by Birrofilo
Wed Mar 03, 2021 3:11 pm
Forum: Whiskey
Topic: When to Add DME to a All grgain Whiskey Wash when I Missed my OG
Replies: 7
Views: 109

Re: When to Add DME to a All grgain Whiskey Wash when I Missed my OG

Shoudl I miss my OG of 1.075 when and How do I add the DME to the wash. You can add DME to your wort also at the beginning of the fermentation or during the fermentation. DME will dissolve into your wort by itself, you don't need to prepare a syrup. Incidentally, late additions of DME are common in...
by Birrofilo
Wed Mar 03, 2021 2:41 pm
Forum: Legalization of Home Distilling
Topic: Don't Shoot at your neighbors
Replies: 13
Views: 392

Re: Don't Shoot at your neighbors

The weapons complaint made it a sure thing they would get a search warrant if he didn't volunteer access. I think the rational behaviour would have been to deny access, to hide the still somewhere else (a friend, some remote place in the countryside etc.) before the Police came back with a search w...
by Birrofilo
Wed Mar 03, 2021 2:31 pm
Forum: Still Related Hardware
Topic: Which one has more reflux? Stainless steel or copper?
Replies: 14
Views: 294

Re: Which one has more reflux? Stainless steel or copper?

Copper and SS have different pros and cons usually not really related to heat transfers unless we talk final condensers. Copper can be easily worked and people with some practice can self-build a copper still. Stainless steel, not so. Copper requires more and more complicated maintenance and cleanin...
by Birrofilo
Wed Mar 03, 2021 2:03 pm
Forum: Craft Distillers
Topic: T500 Output Temperature
Replies: 9
Views: 118

Re: T500 Output Temperature

We have a T500 for product testing in our distillery, but its the latest model with output temp control. No good for controlling column head temp at 78-82 degrees C. I understand the old models had thermometer at top of head to report this, but was removed. Still Spirits refuse to provide the corre...
by Birrofilo
Sun Feb 28, 2021 11:36 am
Forum: History and Folklore
Topic: Hydrometers the History of.
Replies: 5
Views: 164

Re: Hydrometers the History of.

It appears that the ancient Romans had an instrument, the hydroscopium , which was very likely exactly an hydrometer, in the VI century. Although we have the description of the famous test with which Archimedes demonstrated that a certain golden crown was not made entirely of gold, Archimedes did no...
by Birrofilo
Sun Feb 28, 2021 10:32 am
Forum: History and Folklore
Topic: Hydrometers the History of.
Replies: 5
Views: 164

Re: Hydrometers the History of.

It's interesting to note that the density of a liquid varies with its temperature. This principle had already been exploited to make a thermometer, now known as Galilei thermometer, but presented after the death of Galilei by the Accademia del Cimento , in the XVII century, probably on an idea by Ga...
by Birrofilo
Fri Feb 26, 2021 7:20 am
Forum: Research and Theory
Topic: Earth based condensing theory question
Replies: 24
Views: 411

Re: Earth based condensing theory question

I presume that a long copper tube would do the work very well, based on this "calculation". When you are outside in the cold (below freezing temperature) and you breathe, you see your breathe condense into a "cloud" instantly. That means that the humidity in your air instantly lost 37 °C. Vapour com...
by Birrofilo
Thu Feb 25, 2021 2:00 pm
Forum: Research and Theory
Topic: charentais still
Replies: 21
Views: 335

Re: charentais still

"Brandy can be said to have originated from the Moslem Mediterranean states in the 7th and 8th centuries. The Arab alchemists used the distillation technique to produce medicinal spirits; to them it was known as “aqua vitae”, meaning the water of life." Arab states did not talk Latin. They very lik...
by Birrofilo
Wed Feb 24, 2021 11:36 am
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Round Up and Grains
Replies: 46
Views: 1244

Re: Grain Caution

@Warthaug I will not answer in detail because this will become a long and ultimately useless discussion, I will try to outline some basic ideas. User @Butch27 expressed a generic mistrust about the behaviour of certain market participants: farmers who might use pesticides in an illegal way, pesticid...
by Birrofilo
Tue Feb 23, 2021 2:48 pm
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Round Up and Grains
Replies: 46
Views: 1244

Re: Grain Caution

Actually, we can. There is literally two (arguably three) entire fields of medicine that deal with just this - toxicology, pharmacology and epidemiology. Either exposure increases some disease above background levels (which would indicate toxic effects), or it doesn't. And if it doesn't, that is ev...
by Birrofilo
Tue Feb 23, 2021 2:47 pm
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Round Up and Grains
Replies: 46
Views: 1244

Re: Grain Caution

Actually, we can. There is literally two (arguably three) entire fields of medicine that deal with just this - toxicology, pharmacology and epidemiology. Either exposure increases some disease above background levels (which would indicate toxic effects), or it doesn't. And if it doesn't, that is ev...
by Birrofilo
Tue Feb 23, 2021 10:57 am
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Round Up and Grains
Replies: 46
Views: 1244

Re: Grain Caution

I stand by my assertion that glyphosate is more toxic than table salt. I agree with you, but what do I know, I only have a degree in Economics... Yet I agree with Warthaug that I have never heard of genetically modified barley. The general caveat with all those substances is that whenever we say th...
by Birrofilo
Tue Feb 23, 2021 10:32 am
Forum: Mashing and Fermenting
Topic: Water water water!!
Replies: 12
Views: 359

Re: Water water water!!

My only real objection to distilled water is the plastic packaging (and our spring water is really good!) so I will give it a try. Problems with plastic containers arise if those are kept in the sun or in the heat. That gives a clearly perceptible chemical transfer to the content. I buy things such...
by Birrofilo
Mon Feb 22, 2021 1:26 pm
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Round Up and Grains
Replies: 46
Views: 1244

Re: Grain Caution

@Warghaug It is absolutely true that farmers can have an interest in using excess chemicals. And they can have an interest in solving problems in an illegal way. Your mileage and costs may vary, and can be different from other farmers' mileage and costs. Recently in Italy 238 terrains have been sequ...
by Birrofilo
Sun Feb 21, 2021 9:00 am
Forum: Mashing and Fermenting
Topic: Water water water!!
Replies: 12
Views: 359

Re: Water water water!!

I think it's mostly marketing bullstuff. Just like people claiming their beer is special because they use "three kinds of malts", or "six kinds of hops", or their beer is brewed "according to a five centuries old recipe". Some beers are sold as using "extremely pure Icelandic water" etc. Some Italia...
by Birrofilo
Sat Feb 20, 2021 9:55 am
Forum: Yeasts, Enzymes, Fungi, Nutrients
Topic: Opinion on Fermocel SB
Replies: 0
Views: 43

Opinion on Fermocel SB

Fermocel SB is a yeast nutrient which is easily available to me and to a probably decent price. Also, it doesn't appear to have a definite expiry date. Composition, in Italian, is: Cellulose polisaccaridiche a lunga catena, bifosfato di ammonio e solfato di ammonio, tiamina cloridrato (Vit. B1), gel...
by Birrofilo
Sat Feb 20, 2021 9:45 am
Forum: Grappa
Topic: Grapa Help
Replies: 13
Views: 219

Re: Grapa Help

Thanks for the post, do you have a reference to read where what you say is specified (for my personal culture)? My only personal reference is the product "Ue", by Nonino, which is made from the whole fruit. The product page gives a vague reference to the Ministerial authorization to call it Grappa....
by Birrofilo
Fri Feb 19, 2021 3:14 pm
Forum: Grappa
Topic: Grapa Help
Replies: 13
Views: 219

Re: Grapa Help

It depends if you only distill the pomace or the whole fruit (wine with the pomace). To be precise you should call the "grappa" only the distillate produced by pomace. This is not any more correct, to my knowledge, since a few years. After many years of "lobbying", producer Nonino finally managed t...
by Birrofilo
Sat Feb 13, 2021 4:24 am
Forum: Novice Distillers
Topic: Sight Glass Seal
Replies: 17
Views: 303

Re: Sight Glass Seal

Had the same problem. It is possible that, for the excess torque, one of the "prisoners" is not vertical, it is slightly inclined. Losen everything and tight by hand very slightly the inner bolts so as to keep the prisoners vertical while to tight the outer bolts. You don't need to apply a strong to...
by Birrofilo
Thu Feb 11, 2021 9:59 am
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Is yours really better than commercial?
Replies: 62
Views: 4184

Re: Is yours really better than commercial?

Frankly I am perplexed by the idea that wood will continue imparting much flavour after many years. Scotch is made with 3-years old Bourbon wood which has given most of what it could give to the bourbon. Then it gets shipped to Scotland, to host Scotch which will never go past a pale yellow (abstent...
by Birrofilo
Wed Feb 10, 2021 2:50 am
Forum: Novice Distillers
Topic: Adding a Dephlegmator to a pot still
Replies: 22
Views: 1200

Re: Adding a Dephlegmator to a pot still

As a side note, "vodka" is a word with two different meanings. One is "neutral" as in "flavourless". This I would just call neutral to avoid misunderstandings; the other is "vodka" as "the delicious grain distillate which is cut narrow but which does taste like cereals". This I just would call "vodk...
by Birrofilo
Mon Feb 08, 2021 1:38 pm
Forum: Novice Distillers
Topic: Adding a Dephlegmator to a pot still
Replies: 22
Views: 1200

Re: Adding a Dephlegmator to a pot still

I can always use a separate pond pump and control it with a ball valve There is no need to have two pumps. I have a system very similar to yours: 2" stainless steel modules kept in place by tri-clamps. I use it with only one pump also when I run it as a reflux column (i.e. with packing and dephlegm...
by Birrofilo
Mon Feb 08, 2021 7:36 am
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Some linguistics for non-linguists
Replies: 131
Views: 9754

Re: Some linguistics for non-linguists

This stuff is linguistically relevant to an Italian, such as yours truly, because this relative pronoun ambiguity is not resolved in Italian, unless you spend words and breath to dissipate it. :roll: Ehm... quello vs. che , no?.. Lo studente che hai ascoltato ieri è molto preparato. And Lo studente...
by Birrofilo
Sun Feb 07, 2021 5:14 am
Forum: Off-Topic Discussion
Topic: Some linguistics for non-linguists
Replies: 131
Views: 9754

Re: Some linguistics for non-linguists

@HNDB It's very old, there is a song by Gershwin, Let's Call the Whole Thing Off , it probably is a colloquial-familiar-uncultivated form which wouldn't be used many years ago in a formal cirmustance but it gained more and more acceptance and paved its way into more formal contexts. Never heard a Br...