Irish whiskey is defined by the USA's code of federal regulations Title 27, volume 1 to be:
`Irish whiskey' is whiskey which is a distinctive product of Ireland, manufactured either in the Republic of Ireland or in Northern Ireland, in compliance with their laws regulating the manufacture of Irish whisky for home consumption: Provided, That if such product is a mixture of whiskies, such mixture is `blended Irish whiskey' (Irish whisky--a blend).
Irish whiskey is barley malt whiskey made in Ireland. Irish whiskey resembles scotch whisky in its ingredients and production. Note that Irish whiskey is written differently. Peat is almost never used in the malting process, resulting in a whiskey with a smoother, sweeter, flavour. In most Irish whiskey, the smoky, earthy overtones of Scotch are absent. Common wisdom says that the Irish invented whiskey, but the Scots perfected it. Both claims are open to doubt, of course. There are far fewer distilleries of Irish whiskey than there are distillers of Scotch. Economic difficulties in the last couple of centuries have led to great number of mergers and closures. Currently there are only three distilleries operating in Ireland (although each produces a number of different whiskies): Midleton, Old Bushmills, and Cooley, and only the last is Irish-owned.
Irish whiskey, like Scotch, comes in several forms. Like Scotch, there is single malt whiskey (100% malted barley distilled in a pot still) and grain whiskey (grains distilled in a column still). Grain whiskey is much lighter and more neutral in flavor than single malt and is almost never bottled as a single grain. It is instead used to blend with single malt to produce a lighter blended whiskey. Unique to Irish whiskey, to which there is no Scotch counterpart, is pure pot still whiskey (100% barley, both malted and unmalted, distilled in a pot still). The "green" unmalted barley gives the pure pot still whiskey a spicy, uniquely Irish quality. Like single malt, pure pot still is sold as such or blended with grain whiskey. Usually no real distinction is made between whether a blended whiskey was made from single malt or pure pot still.
Irish whiskey is believed to be one of the earliest distilled beverages in Europe dating to the mid-12th century (see Distilled beverage).
- Pure Pot Still - Redbreast (12 yrs), Green Spot
- Single Malt - Bushmills (10, 16, 21 yrs), Tyrconnell, Connemara (peated)
- Blends - Black Bush, Jameson, Powers, Paddy, Kilbeggan, Tullamore Dew
Irish Whiskey Distilleries
- Old Bushmills
- Cooley (http://www.cooleywhiskey.com/)
- Jamesons (http://www.jameson.ie/)
- Tullamore Dew (http://www.tullamoredew.com/)
- See also
- Baileys Irish Cream
- Saint Brendan's